THE ROLE OF THE HELLENIC FIRE SERVICE IN SAFETY OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES
The Olympic Games return to Greece, the country where they were born and the city where they revived, in Athens. Athletes from all over the world will peacefully compete with each other, in front of thousands of people that will attend this top-ranking athletic event. Our ambition, as a country, is to organise the best Olympic Games in the modern history. For the Greek Fire Service, its objective is not other than the guarantee of an acceptable level of safety for athletes, spectators and generally, for all participants. The Olympic Games, as we all know, is the biggest athletic event in the world. To comprehend this, one only has to take a glance at the number of people involved:
• 22.000 athletes and teams’ dignitaries
• 3.450 judges - referees
• 24.600 journalists and media technicians
• 4.700.000 spectators with tickets
• 1.100 members, escorts and I.O.C - I.U.C. representatives
• 391 heads of states, kings and other international dignitaries (VIPs)
• 1.600 members of international Federations
• 35.000 invited sponsors and executives
• 181.200 members of personnel: 5.200 paid, 60.000 volunteers, 117.000 under contract working.

SAFETY AND FIRE SAFETY
Carrying out the Olympic Games 2004 in an environment of absolute safety, constitutes a big challenge for Greece, a bet and also, a top national priority. The responsibility for the safety of Olympic Games 2004 has been undertaken by the Department of Safety of the Olympic Games (D.S.O.G.), a special self-inclusive service founded in 2001, with the aim of staff planning and operational application of the safety and order measures required during the preparation as well as the realization of the Games. Also, the D.S.O.G. has been assigned with the co-ordination of all the services and institutions that will offer their services for the safety of the Games, such as the Hellenic Police, the Fire Service, the Port Police, the Armed Forces etc. The Fire Service is represented in the Department by the Fire Corps Office, in which head is a superior officer.

SAFETY OF THE OLYMPIC INSTALLATIONS
The 80% of the installations required for the organisation of the Olympic and Para-Olympic Games 2004 are ready and corresponding to the higher standards of international athletic federations. The Olympic Installations are distinguished in:

-Athletic installations, where the athletic contests will be carried out. This is a group of installations developed all over the Attica basin, including the Olympic Athletic Centre of Athens (O.A.C.A.), the Olympic Complex in the coastal zone of Faliron, the Olympic Complex of Elliniko, the Olympic Installations of Marathona, the Olympic Complex of Goudi and the Olympic Installations in the centre of Athens. Also, some sports will be carried out in the four Olympic Cities, Salonica (Kaftatzoglio Stadium), Volos (Panthessaliko Stadium), Patra (National Stadium) and Heraklion (Pagkritio Stadium).

- Non athletic installations: including, for a start, the Olympic Village, that will offer accommodation to 16.000 athletes and escorts, approximately, of the Olympic and Para-Olympic Games. This village occupies an area of 1.240 acres in the foothill of Parnitha, a small distance from the Olympic Athletic Centre. Other important installations are the Press Centre with 5.500 journalists and photographers, the International Radio-television Centre with 10.000 people working there, the international airport «Eleftherios Venizelos» with 600 daily flights to and from Athens, the Olympic Port Area of Piraeus, where 11 cruisers (floating hotels) will sail for the accommodation of 20.000 people and the Olympic Marina of Flisvos, where 130 ships will be moored.

ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE OLYMPIC SAFETY
For the safety of the above installations, a particular system of administration has been created, consisted of: - The Olympic Safety Strategic Centre (O.S.S.C.), which has the responsibility for the safety of the Games in all the dominion and is represented by the Chief of the Hellenic Police. - The Olympic Safety Centre (O.S.C.), that constitutes the General Operational Safety Command and simultaneously, the Operations’ Centre. - The Armed Forces Olympic Centre (A.F.O.C.), the Port Police Olympic Centre (P.P.O.C.) and the Fire Service Olympic Centre (F.S.O.C.), that will exercise the administration, co-ordination and control of corresponding administrations, forces and operations. - The Regional Olympic Safety Centre (R.O.S.C.), which will have the administration, co-ordination and control in its area of responsibility. Overall, seven (7) R.O.S.C.s and four (4) Operations’ Centres will be functioning in the Olympic Cities. - The Olympic Installation’s Safety Centre (O.I.S.C.), which is the basic organisational unit in the level of installation. It is managed by Hellenic Police or Port Police Officers. Overall, 100 O.I.S.Cs will be functioning in Attica and the other Olympic Cities.

THE ROLE OF THE GREEK FIRE SERVICE
In the context of preparation for the Olympic Games, the Fire Service has developed a particular operational planning, with firefighting and rescue forces on a 24h basis in all the Olympic Installations. All the firefighting forces that will be disposed for the safety of the Olympic Games, will be under a unified administration, which will come, directly, under the Chief of Fire Service and will be structured in four levels. The Commander of the Firefighting Forces of each installation will have all the operational and administrative functions in an Olympic or Para-Olympic installation for the confrontation of every incident in his jurisdiction. The co-ordination of the above forces will be carried out from the Olympic Operations’ Centre of the Fire Service.

PERSONNEL AND MEANS
At the operational phase, the Fire Service personnel involved in the Olympic Games, will be consisted of:

- 256 officers and

- 2.182 fire service employees During the Games, seasonal patrols will also be developed in firefighting vehicles and motorcycles.

The means that will be required in this phase, include 185 vehicles of various types, as well as two (2) ships, five (5) helicopters and four (4) aircrafts.

PREVENTIVE AND REPRESSIVE FIRE SAFETY MEASURES
In all the installations and areas, where sports will be carried out or events and other activities related to the Olympic Games will be realised, have been received the following measures: - Development of fire safety systems - Application of the structural fire safety regulations - Dangerous areas registration. In the harbour installations, especially, the factors that have been taken into account, for the development of preventive and repressive measures, are the number of moored boats or ships and the particular features of the area of the harbour installations.


EQUIPMENT PROGRAM

For the complete coverage of the safety of the Games, the biggest equipment program of the last 50 years is in full course and it is appreciated that it will contribute considerably to the upgrade of the services provided by the Fire Service, while it will reinforce its action and effectiveness not only during the Olympic Games, but also later on. This equipment program, that is already being implemented, includes:

- 735 vehicles
- 7 ships
- 1 helicopter and
- 18 new fire services’ buildings.

More specifically, with this program, in the firefighting motor-driven, navigable and air fleet will be included the below means:

A) Firefighting Vehicles for Special Purposes
- 2 elevating platform vehicles with a > 50m arm
- 35 elevating platform vehicles with a 20 m. arm and a 3 tn. foam reservoir
- 2 elevating platform vehicles for foam launch
- 12 aerial ladder vehicles with a 30 m. motor-driven ladder
- 2 aerial ladder vehicles with a 50 m. motor-driven ladder
- 6 environmental protection vehicles

B) Firefighting Vehicles of Intermediate Type
- 47 fire engines 4X2, with a 2500 Lt reservoir
- 38 fire engines 4X2, with a 5000 Lt reservoir 73 fire engines 4X2, with a 1500 Lt reservoir

C) Firefighting all-terain vehicles
- 34 fire engines 4X4, with a 1000 Lt reservoir
- 63 fire engines 4X4, with a 2000 Lt reservoir
- 51 fire engines 4X4, with a 5000 Lt reservoir 35 fire engines 6X4, with a 10.000 Lt reservoir

- D) Vehicles for transportation of personnel
- 50 passenger vehicles
- 40 passenger vehicles (Van)
- 40 passenger vehicles (Jeep)
- 28 buses
-100 motorcycles with radio

E) Heavy vehicles
- 6 tanker-trucks for liquid fuels
- 5 lorries over 5 tons 8 cranes

F) Rescue Vehicles
- 20 vehicles 4X4, with rescue equipment
- 20 special vehicles for earthquakes
- 4 vehicles for teams of submarine rescues
- 5 vehicles for teams of with rescue dogs
-5 vehicles for mountain teams

Moreover, for the aid of the operational control and the upgrade of provided services, it is anticipated the establishment of four (4) mobile Operational Centres.

Closing, we are sure that the Greek Fire Service, with its know-how and the modern equipment that it obtains, will be able to cope with the requirements of such an important organization. It is certain that this infrastructure that will be created, will make it, in the near future, one of the most modern Fire Services in the world.


 
 
 
 
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